Libyan International Medical University Journal

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 53--58

Associations between anisometropia and depth of amblyopia in Benghazi, Libya


Sabah Saad Eldressi, Mariam M B. Gebril 
 Department of Ophthalmology, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya

Correspondence Address:
Mariam M B. Gebril
Department of Ophthalmology, Benghazi University, Benghazi
Libya

Background: Amblyopia is a disorder characterized by a decrease in the best-corrected visual acuity in one or both eyes with no clear structural anomalies or ocular pathology. There are three primary types of amblyopia: anisometropic, strabismic, and sensory deprivation amblyopia. Anisometropic amblyopia occurs in children having a difference in refractive error between the two eyes and occurs in the more ametropic eye. Furthermore, there is a strong association of anisometropia with strabismus. Aim: The study aimed to investigate the association between age, sex, laterality, and type of refractive error on the depth of anisometropic amblyopia. Settings and Design: This was a retrospective (observational) study. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS 23.0 software. Materials and Methods: One hundred and nine patient's files with anisometropic amblyopia were investigated, who were followed in a pediatric eye clinic in Sohail Elatrash's eye hospital Benghazi, Libya, between January 2008 and December 2018. Results: There is no effect of the type of gender on the depth amblyopia with P = 0.57. Furthermore, there is no difference in the predominance of amblyopia between the right and left eye (P = 0.93). Age is correlated in a positive manner with the depth of amblyopia (P = 0.035). Conclusions: in our study, eye laterality and gender had no effect on the depth of anisometropic amblyopia. The age and the smallest amount of astigmatism difference between both eyes had a direct proportion on the depth of anisometropic amblyopia.


How to cite this article:
Eldressi SS, B. Gebril MM. Associations between anisometropia and depth of amblyopia in Benghazi, Libya.Libyan Int Med Univ J 2020;5:53-58


How to cite this URL:
Eldressi SS, B. Gebril MM. Associations between anisometropia and depth of amblyopia in Benghazi, Libya. Libyan Int Med Univ J [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 May 14 ];5:53-58
Available from: http://journal.limu.edu.ly/article.asp?issn=2519-139X;year=2020;volume=5;issue=2;spage=53;epage=58;aulast=Eldressi;type=0