Libyan International Medical University Journal

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3--11

Nicotine dependence and role of pharmacist in nicotine addiction control


FM Sherif 
 National Committee of Anti-smoking and Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Tripoli, P. O. Box: 82 757, Tripoli, Libya

Correspondence Address:
F M Sherif
National Committee of Anti-smoking and Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Tripoli, P. O. Box: 82 757, Tripoli
Libya

There are about one billion smokers in the world and death toll due to smoking is almost six million people a year. The tobacco use is increasing specially in the third world countries. By 2020, death will increase to more than 70% of smokers in some developing countries. Continuous tobacco use can cause tolerance and dependence. Tobacco dependence is the main cause of morbidity and mortality among smokers. Nicotine dependence is assumed to be present if tolerance, withdrawal and compulsive desire to consume tobacco are existing. It is well documented that environmental and genetic factors influence the possibility of nicotine addiction. Thus, actions are needed at different levels to avoid the health hazards induced by tobacco smoking. Governments have to play a vital role in smoking control. People at large needs to be involved in the fight against smoking. Within the health-sector, health professionals as physicians and pharmacists have a leading role to play because of their knowledge about the dangerous of smoking and its treatment in general. Community pharmacist is one of the most accessible health care professional to the public and can fulfil fundamental role in public health as key providers of tobacco cessation and prevention services. In addition, pharmacists have a significant knowledge of nicotine withdrawal symptoms, drugs used in smoking cessation and with special training can be involved in the treatment programs. Moreover, media campaigns (pharmacy and non-pharmacy groups) are needed to encourage smoking cessation and discourage smoking initiation. However, with any tobacco-use prevention program, it should always be remembered that long time is needed before success becomes effective and apparent.


How to cite this article:
Sherif F M. Nicotine dependence and role of pharmacist in nicotine addiction control.Libyan Int Med Univ J 2017;2:3-11


How to cite this URL:
Sherif F M. Nicotine dependence and role of pharmacist in nicotine addiction control. Libyan Int Med Univ J [serial online] 2017 [cited 2019 Nov 12 ];2:3-11
Available from: http://journal.limu.edu.ly/article.asp?issn=2519-139X;year=2017;volume=2;issue=1;spage=3;epage=11;aulast=Sherif;type=0