Pattern of ocular trauma in Benghazi eye hospital, Benghazi, Libya.

Mariam M. Gebril

Abstract

Background:   This  study  was  conducted  to  determine  the  pattern  of ocular trauma  in  Benghazi- Libya .

Methods:   All  cases  of  ocular  trauma  admitted  to  Benghazi  eye hospital  from January  2011  to  August  2012  were  retrospectively  reviewed  for  open- or closed-globe  injury  (OGI or CGI). Data  extracted  included  age, sex,  residence, initial and  final  visual acuity (VA),  cause  and  treatment  of  injury. The injuries were classified by Ocular Trauma Classification System.

Results: Out of the 805 patients, there were 540 patients (67.0%) with Closed Globe Injury and 254 patients (31.5%) with Open Globe Injury and 11 patients (1.3%) with mixed trauma.

Conclusion: This analysis shows a pattern of eye injury largely similar to reports from other parts of the world. Eye injury affected mainly younger age groups and road traffic accidents were the most common cause. 

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