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Author Guidelines

Manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with “Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals” developed by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors 

(http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/manuscript-preparation/preparing-for-submission.html).

 The specific requirement of LIMUJ are summarized below. A copy can be downloaded from the following link https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B1iSx2j6azmQYWdGeXV5ZzY1RUE/view?usp=sharing

 

TYPES OF MANUSCRIPTS 

Original research articles: Up to 3000 words excluding references (up to 30 references) and abstract.

Brief Reports: Up to 1500 words excluding references (up to 15 references) and abstract.

Review articles: Up to 5000 words excluding references (up to 40 references) and abstract.

Case reports: Up to 1000 words excluding references (up to 10 references) and abstract.

Letter to the Editor: Up to 400 words and 4 references.

Announcements of conferences, meetings, courses, awards, and other items likely to be of interest to the readers should be submitted with the name and address of the person from whom additional information can be obtained. Up to 100 words.

 

LANGUAGES

LIMUJ is a bi-lingual English/Arabic journal. Papers could be submitted in English or Arabic. English papers will be abstracted to Arabic and Arabic papers will be abstracted to English. Papers submitted in Arabic should follow the same guidelines as papers written in English. Authors whose mother tongue is Arabic and writing in English should supply their full names in both Arabic and English scripts.

 

ONLINE SUBMISSION

Manuscript are submitted from the manuscript management site of the journal http://journal.limu.edu.ly/index.php/LIJCR/index. You have to register first as an author before you can submit your article online.

PREPARATION OF THE MANUSCRIPT

The text of clinical and experimental articles should be divided into sections with the headings: Introduction,  methods, Results, Discussion, References, Tables, Figures, and Figure legends. Start each section in a new page.

The text should be typed on A4 size (212 × 297 mm), with margins of 25 mm (1 inch) from all the four sides, using 12 point times new roman letters and double spacing throughout. Number pages consecutively, beginning with the title page.

 Title Page

The title page should carry the following information:

1)    Type of manuscript (e.g. Original article, Case Report, etc...)

2)    The title of the article, which should be concise, but informative;

3)    Running title or short title not more than 50 characters;

4)    The name by which each contributor is known (Last name, First name and initials of middle name), with his or her institutional affiliation;

5)    The name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed;

6)    The name, address, phone numbers, and e-mail address of the contributor responsible for correspondence about the manuscript;

7)    The total number of pages, total number of photographs and word counts separately for abstract and for the text (excluding the references and abstract);

8)    Source(s) of support(if any) in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these;

9)    Acknowledgement, if any; and

10)  If the manuscript was presented as part at a meeting, the organization, place, and exact date on which it was read.

Abstract Page

The second page should carry the full title of the manuscript and an abstract (of no more than 150 words for case reports, brief reports and 300 words for original articles). The abstract should be structured as follows, Introduction including aims; Design, Methods and Material; Results; and Conclusions. Below the abstract should provide 3 to 10 key words. 

Key Messages

Provide three to six short key messages for all original articles and one or two for case reports. These messages should highlight the study, report, or review. The messages will be printed along with the text in highlighted boxes. 

Key Words

Provide three to seven keywords separated with semicolons (;). Terms from the medical subject headings (MeSH) should be used
 (see http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html) unless the keyword is not available and has no synonymous term in the MeSH database. 

Introduction: State the purpose of the article and summarizes the rationale for the study or observation.

Methods:

Original research articles: the selection of the observational or experimental subjects (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) should be described clearly. The methods and procedures should be given in sufficient details. Briefly describe established methods with their references. Describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration.

Randomized clinical trials: should present information on all major study elements, including the protocol, assignment of interventions (methods of randomization, concealment of allocation to treatment groups), and the method of masking (blinding), based on the CONSORT Statement.

Review article: should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarised in the abstract.

 Statistics: Specify the statistical software package(s) and versions used. Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Use upper italics (e.g. P< 0.05). For all P values include less than 0.05, 0.01, or 0.001.

Results: The results should be presented in logical sequence in the text, tables, and/or figures. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables or figures. Emphasize or summarize only important observations.

Discussion: The discussion should begin by briefly summarizing the main findings, and explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings. Emphasize the new and important aspects of your study and put your finings in the context of the totality of the relevant evidence. The limitations of your study should be stated.

Conclusion : Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data. 

Acknowledgments: Some contributions need acknowledging but do not justify authorship (vide-infra), such as general support by a departmental chair; acknowledgments of technical help; and acknowledgments of financial and material support, which should specify the nature of the support. This should be included in the title page of the manuscript.

References: References should be numbered by Arabic numerals in parentheses consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. The formats of the references should follow Vancouver style. Avoid citing a “personal communication” or unpublished reference. Limit the number of references to less than 30 for original research articles and 40 for review articles.

The commonly cited types of references are shown here, for other types of references such as electronic media, newspaper items, etc. please refer to ICMJE Guidelines (http://www.icmje.org).

 Articles in Journals

1.      Rodriguez-Romaguera J, Sotres-Bayon F, Mueller D, Quirk GJ. Systemic propranolol acts centrally to reduce conditioned fear in rats without impairing extinction. Biological psychiatry. 2009;65(10):887-92. 

Books and Other Monographs

2.      Romanò M. The Electrocardiogram in Ischemic Heart Disease. In Text Atlas of Practical Electrocardiography 2015 (pp. 147-199). Springer Milan.

3.      Editor(s), compiler(s) as author: Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.

4.      Chapter in a book: Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. pp465-78.

 Tables:

  • Number tables in Arabic numerals consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a title for each. Titles in tables should be short but self-explanatory, containing information that allows readers to understand the table's content without having to go back to the text.

  • Give each column a short or an abbreviated heading. Any explanatory matter should be in the footnotes, not in the heading. Explain all nonstandard abbreviations in footnotes, and use symbols to explain information if needed.

  • For footnotes use the following symbols, in this sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡

  • Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean.

  • If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge that source fully.

Illustrations (Figures):

  • Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been cited in the text. If a figure has been published previously, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce it. Permission is required irrespective of authorship or publisher except for documents in the public domain. 

  • Letters, numbers, and symbols on figures should be clear and consistent throughout, and large enough to remain legible when the figure is reduced for publication. Figures should be made as self-explanatory as possible. Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends—not on the illustrations themselves.

  • In the manuscript, legends for illustrations should be on a separate page, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend.

  • Digital images should be submitted in a suitable format. Figures should be either professionally drawn and photographed, or submitted as photographic-quality digital prints. 

  • For X-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images, as well as pictures of pathology specimens or photomicrographs, send high-resolution photographic image files.

  • The Journal reserves the right to crop, rotate, reduce, or enlarge the photographs to an acceptable size.

ETHICS AND SCIENTIFIC INTEGRITY

LIMUJ follows the guidelines set by the International Committee  of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) concerning ethics and scientific integrity. Scientific misconduct such as falsification of data, plagiarism, and untrue authorship are strictly forbidden and may result in the withdrawal of the article even after its publication and hindrance of any future publication in the journal. The author should be aware of the following facts concerning scientific misconduct:

Falsification of data:

Falsification of data of ranges from fabrication of data, suppression and/or distortion of data to selective reporting of findings and omission of conflicting data.

 Plagiarism:   Very briefly, plagiarism may take one of the followings three forms:

  • The use of another person's ideas, processes, results or words without giving appropriate credit. 
  • Self-plagiarism, whereby authors copy large parts of one of their previous manuscripts word-for-word. 
  • Duplicate publication when an author submits a previously-published work as if it were original.

Authorship:

For scientific integrity authorship should be based on the following 4 criteria set by ICMJE organization:

  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND 
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  • Final approval of the version to be published; AND 
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be acknowledged. The authors should provide a short description of each author's contribution in the cover letter submitted with the article.

 Human rights, privacy, and confidentiality

  • For manuscripts reporting medical studies involving human participants, the authors should provide a statement identifying the ethics committee that approved the study, and that the study conforms the (Declaration of Helsinki). 
  • Non-essential identifying details should be omitted otherwise informed consent should be obtained from the patients.

Research involving animals:

The authors should confirm that ethical and legal approval was obtained prior to the start of the study, and state the name of the body giving the approval. Authors should also state whether experiments were performed in accordance with relevant institutional and national guidelines and regulations.

SENDING A REVISED MANUSCRIPT

The revised version of the manuscript should be submitted online in a method similar to that used for submission of the manuscript for the first time. While submitting a revised version, there is no need to submit the “First Page” or “Covering Letter” file. Reviewers’ remarks along with point to point clarification should be submitted in a separate file using the journal form. The contributors’ form has to be submitted in original with the signatures of all the contributors within two weeks after acceptance for publication.

 

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
 

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

A) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.

B) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.

C) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

 

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.