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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 61-68

Contributing indications that provoke C-section: A study from tertiary care hospitals

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Moradabad Educational Trust Group of Institutions, Faculty of Pharmacy, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Nikhil Singh
Moradabad Educational Trust Group of Institutions Faculty of Pharmacy, Moradabad - 244 001, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/liuj.liuj_73_21

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Background: Both cesarean-section (CS) delivery (CD) and vaginal delivery (VD) is associated with well-known measurable short- and long-term maternal and neonatal complications and benefits. Objective: The present retrospective observational study was conducted on a preliminary basis to evaluate the contributing factors that provoke CS delivery. Materials and Methods: The short-term (6 months) retrospective study was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay and Northern Railway divisional hospital Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. The sample size was calculated accordingly with a relative precision of 10.2% of prevalence and was found to be 140 and we have taken the sample size of 345. Results: The prevalence of CD for a particular course of duration was found to be 36.23%. The risk of CD increased (P < 0.001) with increased BMI. However, differential limits of normal BMI signify that lower limit of normal BMI possessed high % of CS. As the education profile was getting high the possibility of CS was found to be increased (P < 0.001). Women with negative Rh factor the probability of CS in terms of percentage was found to be 87.5%. There was a proportionate possibility of CS with an increased gap between parities. The % mortality of new-born by CD and VD was 14.28% and 85.71%, respectively, which signifies that CS prevents infant mortality. There was 99.2% possibility of undergoing CS if a woman possessing medical complications. Conclusion: The present study acknowledged that CD ensures feto-maternal safety. However, the study also highlighted some probable indications that might engender CD.

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