• Users Online: 161
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-11

Nicotine dependence and role of pharmacist in nicotine addiction control


National Committee of Anti-smoking and Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Tripoli, P. O. Box: 82 757, Tripoli, Libya

Correspondence Address:
F M Sherif
National Committee of Anti-smoking and Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Tripoli, P. O. Box: 82 757, Tripoli
Libya
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.21502/limuj.002.02.2017

Rights and Permissions

There are about one billion smokers in the world and death toll due to smoking is almost six million people a year. The tobacco use is increasing specially in the third world countries. By 2020, death will increase to more than 70% of smokers in some developing countries. Continuous tobacco use can cause tolerance and dependence. Tobacco dependence is the main cause of morbidity and mortality among smokers. Nicotine dependence is assumed to be present if tolerance, withdrawal and compulsive desire to consume tobacco are existing. It is well documented that environmental and genetic factors influence the possibility of nicotine addiction. Thus, actions are needed at different levels to avoid the health hazards induced by tobacco smoking. Governments have to play a vital role in smoking control. People at large needs to be involved in the fight against smoking. Within the health-sector, health professionals as physicians and pharmacists have a leading role to play because of their knowledge about the dangerous of smoking and its treatment in general. Community pharmacist is one of the most accessible health care professional to the public and can fulfil fundamental role in public health as key providers of tobacco cessation and prevention services. In addition, pharmacists have a significant knowledge of nicotine withdrawal symptoms, drugs used in smoking cessation and with special training can be involved in the treatment programs. Moreover, media campaigns (pharmacy and non-pharmacy groups) are needed to encourage smoking cessation and discourage smoking initiation. However, with any tobacco-use prevention program, it should always be remembered that long time is needed before success becomes effective and apparent.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed93    
    Printed8    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded37    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal